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全国2019年4月陕西自考【高级英语】自学考试真题

2019-11-07 16:29来源:陕西自考网 考试必看
全国2019年4月高等教育自学考试
 
高级英语试题
 
课程代码:00600
 
请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。
 
选择题部分
 
注意事项:
 
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
 
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
 
I.Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions.Choose the right one to complete the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet.(15 points,I point for each)
 
一.以下每一个句子都有四个单词或表达的选择。选择正确的一个来完成句子,并涂黑答案纸上的相应字母。(15分,我指出每点)
 
1.I find it hard tothat women were treated so unfairly a hundred years ago.
 
A.conceive
 
B.detect
 
C.remember
 
D.propose
 
2.The number of staff we can take on will be by how much money we're
 
allowed to spend.
 
A.suggested
 
B.controlled
 
C.determined
 
D.navigated
 
3.Dad will be angry if you him while he is reading.
 
A.dislike
 
B.disturb
 
C.disappoint
 
D.dissatisfy
 
4.She is the brightest star of British ballet.
 
A.normally
 
B.upsettingly
 
C.undoubtedly
 
D.unnecessarily
 
5.The endless public appearances are an inevitable part of an election.
 
A.activity
 
B.campaign
 
C.crusade
 
D.movement
 
6.Some pessimists hold that true independent advice is .
 
7. He suggested a card game to relieve the of the journey.
 
A. monopoly
 
B. monologue
 
C. monotony
 
D. monograph
 
8. One of the manyof foreign travel is learning how to cope with the
 
unexpected.
 
A. outlooks
 
B. benefits
 
C. experiences
 
D. attitudes
 
9. It's a minor earthquake. There were no injuries and the damage to the building was
 
C. accidental
 
D. disastrous
 
10. Some people in the West are spilling salt on the table.
 
A. excited about
 
B. cautious of
 
C. superstitious about 
 
D. conscious of
 
11. Turkey is expecting an of several thousand refugees over the next few days.
 
A. influx
 
B. import
 
C. output
 
D. overview
 
12. He wrote to me last week regarding a business he thought might interest me.
 
A. implication 
 
B. indication
 
C. proposition
 
D. explanation
 
13. The Civil Rights Act was needed to some ethnic groups.
 
A. induce
 
B. enlarge
 
14. In the end she left home just to escape the rule of her mother.
 
A. political 
 
B. tyrannical
 
C. social
 
D. official
 
15. The number-one principle for being a good colleague is to your emotions from the working relationship.
 
A. prevent
 
B. save
 
C. extricate
 
D. disengage
 
II.Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items
 
二.仔细阅读下面的短文,完成后面的三个项目。
 
(1) Fifty years ago, baby boomers and their parents suffered through what was ubiquitously understood as"the generation gap", or the inability for different generations to speak clearly with one another.
 
(2)A new national poll of Americans between the ages of 18 and 29-the millennial generation-provides strong evidence of a new generation gap, this time with the boomers(born between 1946 and 1964) playing the role of uncomprehending parents. When Millennials say they are liberal, it means something very different than it did when Barack Obama was coming of age.
 
When Millennials say they are socialists, they' re not participating in ostalgie for the old German Democratic Republic. And their strong belief in economic fairness shouldn't be confused with the attitudes of the Occupy movement.
 
(3) The poll of Millennials was conducted by the Reason Foundation and the Rupe Foundation earlier this spring. It engaged nearly 2400 representative 18
 
to 29 year olds on a wide variety of topics.
 
(4) This new generation gap certainly helps to explain why Millennials are far less partisan than folks 30 and older. Just 22% of Millennials identify as Republican or Republican-leaning, compared with 40% of older voters. After splitting their votes for George E. Bush and Al Gore in 2000(each candidate got about 48%), Millennials have voted overwhelmingly for Democratic candidates in the 2004,2008, and 2012 elections. Forty-three percent of Millennials call themselves Democrats or leaning that way. Yet that's still a smaller percentage than it is for older Americans,49% of whom are Democrats or lean Democrats. Most strikingly,34% of Millennials call themselves true independents, meaning they don't lean toward either party.
 
For older Americans, it's iust 10%.
 
(5) Millennials use language differently than Boomers and Gen Xers (bornbetween 1965 and 1980). In the Reason-Rupe poll, about 62% of Millennials call themselves liberal. By that, they mean they favor gay marriage and pot legalization, but those views hold little or no implication for their views on government spending. To Millennials, being socially liberal is being liberal, period. For most older Americans, calling yourself a liberal means you want to increase the size, scope, and spending of the government(it may not even mean you support legal pot and marriage equality). Despite the strong liberal tilt among Millennials,53% say they would support a candidate who was socially liberal and fiscally conservative (are you listening, major parties?).
 
(6) There are other arcas where language doesn't track neatly with Boomer and Gen X definitions. Millennials have no first-hand memories of the Soviet Union or the Cold War. Forty-two percent say they prefer socialism as a means of organizing society but only 16% can define the term properly as government ownership of the means of production. In fact, when asked whether they want an economy managed by the free market or by the govermment,64% want the former and just 32% want the latter. Scratch a Millennial"socialist"and you are likely to find a budding entrepreneur(55% saying they want to start their own business someday). Although they support a government-provided social safety net, two-thirds of Millennials agree that
 
"government is usually inefficient and wasteful"and they are highly skeptical toward government with regards to privacy and nanny-state regulations about e-cigarettes, soda sizes, and the like.
 
(7) For all the attention lavished on the youthful, anti-capitalist Occupy movement a few years ago, it turns out that Millennials have strongly positive attitudes toward free markets (just don't call it capitalism). Not surprisingly, they define fairness in a way that is less about income disparity and more about getting your due. Almost six in ten believe you can get ahead with hard work and a similar number wants a society in which wealth is parceled out according to your achievement, not via the tax code or govemment redistribution of income. Even though 70% favor guaranteed health care, housing, and income, Millennials have no problem with unequal outcomes.
 
(8) Like most older Americans, too, Millennials are deeply worried about massive and growing federal budgets and debt, with 78% calling such things a major problem.
 
(9) It would be a real shame if we can't have the sorts of conversations we need to address and remedy such issues because different generations are talking past each other. Millennials are different than Boomers or Gen Xers: Culture comes first and politics second to them. They are less partisan and they are less hung up about things such as pot use, gay marriage, and immigration. But in many ways, they agree with older generations when it comes to the valueand legitimacy of work, the role of government in helping the poor, and the inefficiency of government to do that.
 
(10) Everyone agrees that there are crises everywhere; Social Security and Medicare are going bust and the economy has been on life support for years.
 
The best solutions will engage and involve Americans of all ages. The Reason-Rupe poll points to some places where generations are talking past each other and others where there is wide agreement. Giving its finding a close read might just help narrow today's generation gap so we can get on with improving all generations' prospects.
 
Ⅱ. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A,B, Cand D. Choose the best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet.(20 points,2 points for each)
 
16.A boomer can be a person who was born.
 
A.in 1956
 
B.in1976
 
C.in 1986
 
D.in 1996
 
17. In Paragraph 2, the word "uncomprehending"means.
 
A. lacking support 
 
B. lacking understanding
 
C. showing contempt
 
D. showing indifference
 
18. We can learn from Paragraph 4that.
 
A.a larger percentage of Millennials are Democratic-leaning
 
B.a smaller percentage of older Americans are Democratic-leaning
 
C. the percentage of partisan Millennials is larger than that of older Americans
 
D. there is a larger percentage of Millennials as Democrats than that of older Americans
 
19. When Millennials call themselves liberal, they mean that.
 
A. they want to increase the size and scope of the government
 
B. they uphold the legalization of gay marriage and marijuana
 
C. they want to urge the government to reduce its spending
 
D. they would not support a candidate who is conservative
 
20. When you look into Millennial "socialists"more deeply you will find that.
 
A. many of them are actually against capitalism
 
B. many of them want to start their own business in the future
 
C. most of them favor a government intervention in the cconomy
 
D. most of them believe in the government's efficiency in market management
 
21. In Paragraph 7, the word "disparity"means
 
A. redistribution 
 
B. demotion
 
C. impartiality
 
D. difference
 
22. Unlike Baby Boomers and Gen Xers,.
 
A. Millennials believe that culture is more important than politics
 
B. Millennials usually take a dim view of gay marriage and immigration
 
C. Millennials feel ashamed that they can't have conversations with thegovernment
 
D. Millennials think that the govermment is highly successful in helping thepoor
 
23. In Paragraph 9, the word "legitimacy"means.
 
A. lawfulness
 
B. identity
 
C. effectiveness
 
D. possibility
 
24. We can learn from Paragraph 10 that Boomers, Gen Xers and Millennials all agree that in recent years the American cconomy
 
A. has been on the increase 
 
B. has barely sustained itself
 
C. has become more prosperous 
 
D. has recovered from the recession
 
25. The author's attitude toward Millennials is.
 
A. casual
 
B. negative
 
C. pessimistic
 
D. objective
 
非选择题部分
 
注意事项:
 
用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
 
Ⅲ.Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet.(10 points,2 points for each)
 
三.把下列句子翻译成中文,并在答题纸上写出译文。(10分,2分)
 
26.Most strikingly,34% of Millennials call themselves true independents,meaning they don't lean toward either party.For older Americans,it's just 10%.
 
27.To Millennials,being socially liberal is being liberal,period.For most older Americans,calling yourself a liberal means you want to increase the size,scope,and spending of the government.
 
28.In fact,when asked whether they want an economy managed by the free market or by the govermment,64% want the former and just 32% want the latter.
 
29.Almost six in ten believe you can get ahead with hard work and a similar number wants a society in which wealth is parceled out according to your achievement,not via the tax code or government redistribution of income.
 
30.Giving its finding a close read might just help narrow today's generation gap so we can get on with improving all generations'prospects.
 
IV. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answer on your Answer Sheet.(10 points)
 
四. 用英语回答下列短文问题,字数不超过80-100字。把你的答案写在答题纸上。(10分)
 
31. In what sense are young people important to their country?
 
V. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only.(25 points,1 point for each)
 
五.以下段落摘自课本,然后是标有a到Y的单词或短语列表。选择一个最好的句子,并在答题纸上写上相应的字母。每个空格只用一个词或短语。(25分,1分)
 
"It was the best of times and the worst of times..."Her voice 32 in and curved down through and 33 the words. She was nearly singing.I wanted to look at the pages. Were they the same that I had read? 
 
Or were there notes, music, lined on the pages, as in a 34 book? Her sounds began 35 gently.I
 
knew from listening to a thousand preachers that she was nearing the end of her reading, and I hadn't really heard, heard to understand,a 36word.
 
Watching the float so intently made him sleepy: he had been with Doreen 37two the night before. They spoke of getting married in three months, by which time, Arthur said, they would have collected a good 38 of money, nearly a hundred and fifty pounds, not counting income-tax rebate, which will probably 39it up to a couple of hundred. So they would be sitting pretty, Doreen replied, because Mrs. Creatton had already 40to let them stay with her for as long as they like,41 half the rent.
 
Work therefore is 42, first and foremost, as a preventive of boredom, for the boredom that a man feels when he is doing necessary though 43 work is as nothing in 44with the boredom that he feels when he has nothing to do with his days.45 this advantage of work another is associated,46 that it makes holidays much more delicious when they come.
 
On the edge of a small cape that marked the side of the bay away from the promontory was a loose 47of rocks. Above them, some boys were 48off their clothes. They came running, naked, down to the rocks. The English boy swam 49them, and kept his distance at a stone's 50. They were of that coast, all of them burned smooth 51 brown, and speaking a language he did not understand. To be with them, of them, was a craving that filled his whole body.
 
I don't know what the European figures are.Much smaller 52..Europe is poor,and a face can cost as much in 53 as a Rolls-Royce.The most that the 54of European women can do is just to wash and hope for the best.Perhaps the soap will produce its loudly advertised  55;perhaps it will transform them into the likeness of those 56 creatures who smile so rosily and creamily,so peachily and pearlily,from every hoarding.
 
A.desirable |B.majority C.until D.scatter |E.over
 
|F.stripping G.amount |H.cascading I.undoubtedly |J.uninteresting
 
|K.slid L.namely M.effects |N.bump |O.dark
 
|p.comparison |Q.ravishing R.single S.throw |T.offered
 
|U.paying V.towards W.upkeep x.With Y.hymn
 
VI.Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet.(20 points,2 points each for 57-60,4 points for 61,8 points for 62)
 
六、把下列句子译成英文,并把译文写在答题纸上。(20分,57-60各2分,61分4分,62分8分)
 
57.我们突然间明白了,在我们所居住的犹如一艘小小的宇宙飞船的星球上,乘客数目大约每四十年翻一番。
 
58.连锁杂货店将独立商店挤了出去,标准化成为降低成本的主要手段。
 
59.我之所以给出所有这些背景资料,是因为我认为如果一个人不了解某个作家的早期发展,他就无法对这个作家的创作动机进行评估。
 
60.无论你可能得到多少,你总是想得到更多:满足是一个你永远无法实现的梦想。
 
61.吸引并保持你的注意力是大部分电视节目策划的首要动机,它加强了电视作为有利可图的广告媒体的作用。节目策划人活在持续的恐惧中,担心失去任何一位观众的注意力。
 
62.年龄稍大一些的工作女性的收入水平普遍低于男性。她们很多人只有在孩子长大后才在外面工作,所以只能从事非技术性的、低收入的工作。其他工作了一辈子的女性通常只能拿到低工资,以及相应较低的社会保障金和个人退休金。







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